28 Dec

A Bright Future for Robotic Surgeons

da Vinci Surgical System

Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Cybernetics are misinterpreted concepts. However, they differ in many ways. For example, the ideas of AI is to make computers smart compared to Cybernetics which is to understand and build systems that can achieve goals. Therefore, smart computers versus goal-directed systems have developed concepts applicable to robots. Continue reading

27 Nov

Optic Nerve Imaging in Glaucoma

Advanced eye scan of the optic nerve

The ten cranial nerves exit from the human brain including the brainstem and relay information to other parts of the body.  One of these cranial nerves is the optic nerve (II) which is 50 mm long and myelinated by oligodendrocytes.  It passes through the optic foramen in the sphenoid bone and travels to the eye.  Continue reading

23 Nov

Advances in Medical Ultrasound Imaging

ultrasound imaging technology

The National Health Service in England carried out 42.1 million imaging tests in the year to March 2017 compared with 40.7 million in the previous year.  Plain X-ray radiography was the most common with 22.9 million procedures followed by 9.37 million diagnostic ultrasound scans.  Also, computed tomography generated 4.82 million scans compared to 3.36 million magnetic resonance imaging scans. Continue reading

23 Apr

Types of Brachytherapy (Internal Radiotherapy)

Brachytherapy is used in the treatment of prostate cancer

Brachytherapy techniques have been a powerhouse in the treatment of cancer since the beginning of the twentieth century.  The advancement of other theranostic treatments has not removed Internal Radiotherapy entirely from the clinician’s armoury war in the ongoing quest to destroy cancer. Continue reading