Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is the most widespread carcinoma in the United Kingdom and accounts for 15% of all cancer diagnoses.  To put this in respective every day 150 individuals across the UK are diagnosed with carcinoma. Unfortunately, 31 of them will lose their fight against the disease, making it the most significant cause of death in women aged 35-49.  Cancer originates in the ducts or lobes of the breast and spreads into surrounding breast tissue. If the carcinoma does not spread outside the lobes or ducts is called ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and if treated but is not life-threatening.  The most prevalent type of invasive breast cancer is ductal invasive compared to the less common invasive lobular.  However, other rarer types include Paget’s disease of the breast, which causes a red scaly rash on the skin of the nipple and linked with ductal carcinoma in situ DCIS.  The other is inflammatory breast cancer due to the breast becoming inflamed and swollen.